O aspecto atual, com exuberante jardim entremeado de caminhos sinuosos, lagos, canais, pontes, grutas artificiais e recantos sombreados, é resultado da intervenção paisagística de 1880. Em 1890 foi palco do movimento militar que resultou na derrubada do último imperador, recebendo então o nome de praça da República. No centro da praça ergueu-se um monumento em homenagem à República.
Infelizmente, sua visitação deve ser feita com cautela, pois a praça está tomada pela população de rua, prostitutas e assaltantes.
English version: Republic Square
The area dates back to Colonial Brazil and, because their proximity to the Church consecrated to Saint Anne, was known for many years as Field of Santana. It was a bare sandy soil that during the rainy season was completely flooded. In 1815, by order of King João VI, was made a garden in the field. Scenario of the coronation ceremonies of King João VI in 1818, Emperor D. Pedro I in 1822, and in 1841 of Emperor D. Pedro II, the field received the designation of Acclamation Field. He called for a time Field of Honor.
The current aspect, with lush garden, lakes, canals, bridges and artificial caves, is the result of the landscape intervention of 1880. In 1890 was scenario of military movement that resulted in the overthrow of the last emperor, receiving the name of Republic Square. In the center of the square was erected a monument in honor of the Republic.
Unfortunately, her visitation should be done cautiously because the square is taken by the street population, hookers and robbers.